We, the people

January 26, 2006


Happy Republic day to all my fellow Indians ! It is on this day in 1950 C.E. that our constitution came into force. (The above image shows our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru signing the constitution on 24th Jan,1950. From here) It’s Preamble declared

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;


Our Constitution protects our fundamental rights which are broadly classified into

  • Right to Equality
  • Right to Particular freedoms
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to Constitutional remedies
  • and it calls forth Indians to perform their fundamental duties

    (a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

    (b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

    (c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

    (d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

    (e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

    (f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

    (g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

    (h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

    (i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

    (j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.

    Indian Republic is one of the greatest experiments in democracy by humanity – It is arguably the greatest legacy that the 1950s generation have left us with. I wish my fellow indians all success in this experiment on our Republic day.

    Now, time for some interesting links on science – I figured that there is no better way to celebrate our republic day than performing my fundametal duty “to develop the scientific temper … and the spirit of inquiry ” 😉

  • Mark Trodden at Cosmic Variance has a post on How General Relativity is useful for finding new earth-size planets outside our solar system ( based on this BBC Report . Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles also has a related post.)
  • Nominations are up for The Greatest Physics Experiment Ever at Uncertain Principles. Don’t forget to put in your votes :). Also have a look at his call for great experiments in other sciences. And yeah, even if you don’t look at anyof these , the article titled Physics Face is a must-see.
  • Meanwhile, PZ Myers at Pharyngula has some interesting things to say about evolution of cervical vertebrae(neckbones) in mammals and cancer .
  • Also check out Carl Zimmers at the Loom talk about Parasites exerting mind control ! “Mind-Boggling” stuff, literally !
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    One Response to “We, the people”

    1. nayagam Says:

      Our President’s Republic day speech is available at


      Transparency starts from Home: On 21st November 2005, I had visited Adhichunchanagiri Math, attended a function of FUREC (Foundation for Unity of Religions and Enlightened Citizenship) and interacted with over 54,000 students of various schools and colleges of Karnataka. There a 10th class student Bhavani studying in Adichunchanagiri Composite High School, Shimoga asked me the following question.

      “Dear Sir, What is the role of students to stop corruption which is deeply rooted in our county just like cancer??

      Agony of the young mind is reflected in this question. For me it was an important question, since it comes from a young mind. I was thinking what type of solutions we could give. My thought process was the following:

      I said there are one billion people in the country and nearly 200 million homes. In general most of them are good people. However, if we find that people in few million houses are not transparent and not amenable to the laws of the country, what can we do? These houses apart from parents have one daughter or one son or both. If the parents in these houses are deviating from the transparent path the children can use the tool of love and affection and correct the parents to come back to the right path. I asked all the children assembled in that gathering, whether parents of a few children get deviated from transparency, will you children boldly tell your parents, father or mother you are not doing the right thing. That is what we are taught by you and in the school. Most of the children spontaneously responded, “We will do it?. The confidence comes from them that they have love as a tool. Similarly I have also asked the parents in some other meeting, initially there was a silence, later, many of them hesitantly agreed that they would abide by the children’s suggestion since it is driven by love. The children took an oath. The oath was “I will lead an honest life free from all corruption and will set an example for others to adopt a transparent way of life?. Finally I told the students that they should start a movement starting from their home.

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